Nonverbal Learning Disability

Student Profile
9th-11th Grade
Primary Learning Disability: Nonverbal Learning Disability
Secondary Learning Disability: Language Processing

Sample Instructional Goals

Reading Comprehension

  • Strengthen identification of main ideas and supporting details in a text
  • Utilize active reading skills to monitor comprehension (identifying main idea, recalling details, predicting outcomes, summarizing information, determining cause and effect)
  • Develop inferential reasoning skills
  • Increase discernment of salient information
  • Increase skill in drawing conclusions and making predictions
  • Increase understanding of abstract and figurative language
  • Improve skills at identifying causes and effects of historical events, predicting outcomes and paraphrasing information
  • Build critical thinking skills through class discussion and written assignments

Written Expression

  • Independently utilize brainstorming and pre-writing activities
  • Proofread work for spelling, mechanics, grammar and punctuation
  • Elaborate and add appropriate details when writing
  • Remediate basic grammar and usage

Academic and Social Problem Solving

  • Develop and refine organizational skills including organization of class materials, as well as organization of written and expressive language
  • Improve problem solving abilities
  • Strengthen self-advocacy skills
  • Improve ability to initiate and maintain conversations with teachers and peers
  • Monitor body language and eye contact while speaking

Sample Methods and Strategies to Achieve Objectives

General

  • Apply a thematic learning matrix to build students’ fund of information
  • Provide models and demonstrations of tasks
  • Provide direct instruction on understanding the link between effort and outcome
  • Provide a daily review of all topics
  • Use of visual-spatial tools like sketching and storyboarding to maintain awareness of sequence
  • Allow sufficient time for students to process all auditory/verbal information
  • Model how to breakdown all assignments into manageable portions and scaffold realistic time management plans
  • Highlight all imperative words within a set of directions
  • Encourage organization of information be category, main idea or sequence
  • Create visual or verbal clusters of information, using devices like color-coding, and mnemonics, etc.

Reading Comprehension

  • Preview text with an eye to its organization (e.g. chronological order, or cause and effect structure, etc.) and author/editor clues, like headings and italics, etc.
  • Provide structured classroom reading (read discrete amounts, stop, discuss, daily review)
  • Use of graphic organizers and charts to track character development and plot events
  • Frequent review of 5 W Questions and keep attention on main idea and supporting detail
  • Isolate and discuss inferential demands

Written Expression

  • Provide extensive modeling of the entire process from pre-writing to the final edit
  • Explore a variety of organizing strategies, including semantic webs, concept maps, and linear outlines

Academic and Social Problem Solving

  • Encourage participation in real-world problem solving activities
  • Practice breaking down problems, identifying possible solutions, analyzing these solutions, examine pros and cons and then determine the best solution
  • Teach and practice navigating through common social situations in society
Back
Winston Preparatory School is a leading school for students with learning disabilities, including dyslexia, executive functioning difficulties (ADHD) and non-verbal learning disorders (NVLD).

WPS does not discriminate against applicants and students on the basis of race, color, national or ethnic origin. Read More