Nonverbal Learning Disability

Student Profile
9th-11th Grade
Primary Learning Disability: Nonverbal Learning Disability
Secondary Learning Disability: Language Processing

Sample Instructional Goals

Reading Comprehension

  • Strengthen identification of main ideas and supporting details in a text
  • Utilize active reading skills to monitor comprehension (identifying main idea, recalling details, predicting outcomes, summarizing information, determining cause and effect)
  • Develop inferential reasoning skills
  • Increase discernment of salient information
  • Increase skill in drawing conclusions and making predictions
  • Increase understanding of abstract and figurative language
  • Improve skills at identifying causes and effects of historical events, predicting outcomes and paraphrasing information
  • Build critical thinking skills through class discussion and written assignments

Written Expression

  • Independently utilize brainstorming and pre-writing activities
  • Proofread work for spelling, mechanics, grammar and punctuation
  • Elaborate and add appropriate details when writing
  • Remediate basic grammar and usage

Academic and Social Problem Solving

  • Develop and refine organizational skills including organization of class materials, as well as organization of written and expressive language
  • Improve problem solving abilities
  • Strengthen self-advocacy skills
  • Improve ability to initiate and maintain conversations with teachers and peers
  • Monitor body language and eye contact while speaking

Sample Methods and Strategies to Achieve Objectives

General

  • Apply a thematic learning matrix to build students’ fund of information
  • Provide models and demonstrations of tasks
  • Provide direct instruction on understanding the link between effort and outcome
  • Provide a daily review of all topics
  • Use of visual-spatial tools like sketching and storyboarding to maintain awareness of sequence
  • Allow sufficient time for students to process all auditory/verbal information
  • Model how to breakdown all assignments into manageable portions and scaffold realistic time management plans
  • Highlight all imperative words within a set of directions
  • Encourage organization of information be category, main idea or sequence
  • Create visual or verbal clusters of information, using devices like color-coding, and mnemonics, etc.

Reading Comprehension

  • Preview text with an eye to its organization (e.g. chronological order, or cause and effect structure, etc.) and author/editor clues, like headings and italics, etc.
  • Provide structured classroom reading (read discrete amounts, stop, discuss, daily review)
  • Use of graphic organizers and charts to track character development and plot events
  • Frequent review of 5 W Questions and keep attention on main idea and supporting detail
  • Isolate and discuss inferential demands

Written Expression

  • Provide extensive modeling of the entire process from pre-writing to the final edit
  • Explore a variety of organizing strategies, including semantic webs, concept maps, and linear outlines

Academic and Social Problem Solving

  • Encourage participation in real-world problem solving activities
  • Practice breaking down problems, identifying possible solutions, analyzing these solutions, examine pros and cons and then determine the best solution
  • Teach and practice navigating through common social situations in society
Back
Winston Preparatory School is a leading school for students with learning disabilities, including dyslexia, executive functioning difficulties (ADHD), and non-verbal learning disorders (NVLD).

WPS does not discriminate against applicants and students on the basis of race, color, national or ethnic origin. The Winston Preparatory School provides programs and services and equal opportunity in the administration of its educational and admissions policies, financial aid programs, employment, and the selection of its governing board without regard to gender, race, color, creed, religion, national origin, sexual orientation, handicap status, or any status recognized by federal, state and local civil rights and non-discrimination laws.