Nonverbal Learning Disability

Nonverbal Learning Disability (NVLD) is a specific learning disability rooted in weaknesses in visual-spatial processing leading to pervasive and overlapping academic and social challenges.

NVLD is often characterized by challenges in reasoning and comprehension, socialization and communication, mathematics and executive functions.

Sample Overarching Instructional Goals

  • Improve comprehension as related to pattern recognition and conceptual relationships
    • Increase utilization of pre-reading strategies to integrate background knowledge and contextual information
    • Identify causal relationships in fiction and non-fiction texts
  • Develop mathematical thinking skills as related to pattern recognition and part-whole relationships
  • Strengthen social emotional skills to support independent learning
    • Develop Social Communication skills by improving understanding of nonverbal language cues with focus upon impact of vocal tone, facial expression and body posture, and the impact upon communicative intent and messages.
    • Develop Resilience by consistently identifying and following through with one effective strategy to support an ability to recover from a challenge
  • Develop executive functioning skills as related to applying a strategic approach to tasks and responsibilities as related to pattern recognition and conceptual relationships (e.g., part-whole concepts, causal reasoning)
Sample Approaches to Achieve Objectives
  • Build metacognition through verbalizing the thought process, reflective discussions and explicit modeling while explicitly incorporating development of academic and social emotional skills. 
  • Explicitly target conceptual comprehension (e.g., pattern recognition, part-whole relationships, causal relationships) across all content areas
  • Incorporate spatial language and gestures across all content areas
  • Ongoing modeling, guided practice, and support throughout instruction
Winston Preparatory School is a leading school for students with learning disabilities, including dyslexia, executive functioning difficulties (ADHD), and non-verbal learning disorders (NVLD).

WPS does not discriminate against applicants and students on the basis of race, color, national or ethnic origin. The Winston Preparatory School provides programs and services and equal opportunity in the administration of its educational and admissions policies, financial aid programs, employment, and the selection of its governing board without regard to gender, race, color, creed, religion, national origin, sexual orientation, disability status, or any status recognized by federal, state and local civil rights and non-discrimination laws.